By Lourdes Alvarez.
Welcome once more to the RECORDS section, this time we are dealing with tropical cyclones that have affected our country. All the information that we are publishing here has been supplied by Ramón Pérez PHd, specialist from the Centre of Climate of the Institute of Meteorology, for whom we express our gratefulness.
Description of the phenomenon
The two most intense hurricanes that have affected Cuba.
The storm of San Francisco de Borja (category 5)
Unprecedented Hurricane (category 5)
West end of province Pinar del Río
Maximum gust registered at the pass of a hurricane over Cuba
280 km/h, produced by Hurricane Fox
Key Guano del Este, Cienfuegos
Minimum pressure measured at the pass of a hurricane over Cuba
916 hPa, produced by the hurricane of October 1846
Most disastrous hurricanes that have affected Cuba (by death toll). They are listed in chronological order.
Storm of Barreto, Category 1, about 3000 death, mainly by flooding
Hurricane of San Marcos, Category 3, about 800 death, mainly by flooding
The Hurricane of 1926, Category 4, About 600 death, due to several causes such as the strong winds, the heavy rain and the surge.
19 -20/ October /1926
The Hurricane of Santa Cruz del Sur, category 4, about 3500 death, mainly due to the storm surge
9/ November/ 1932
Hurricanr Flora, Category 2, About 2000 death due mainly to flooding
4 - 8/ October /1963
Former Province of Oriente
Province most affected by the pass of tropical hurricanes
In the first place, Pinar del Río, followed by the Island of Youth, Havana and the City of Havana, in that order.
Month with most affectations of tropical cyclones over Cuba
October, followed by September
In further issues we will offer more records related to Tropical Cyclones, If you want some more information on the subject, we invite you to visit in our section on papers, the one entitled “The most intense and disastrous hurricanes in Cuba in the last two centuries” by Ramón Pérez Suárez, Raymundo Vega González and Miriam Limia Martínez.